Everyone should know how to build a temporary shelter over his head during a campaign. After all, it’s not always with you that you have a ready-made tent or sleeping bag, and a roof over your head is the main thing, in addition to food and water extraction, which a person in the forest thinks about, especially if the trip takes place in the conditions of winter nature. You can learn more about how to build a hut in the forest with your own hands.
How to build a tent in the forest with your own hands
Shelter in the forest should protect from wind, rain or snow. In the forest, the easiest way to build a hut, because there are all the necessary materials for this. There are three varieties of temporary shelter: a detached hut, attached, and also built in a recess. In addition, by design, they are tented, single-pitch and gable. Before you start building a hut in the forest, you need to find a suitable place. This should not be a depression in a narrow gorge, a river bank or the bottom of a canyon, or the foot of a mountain.
If you need to make a hut in a mountain forest, you need to choose a shelter of the attached type, one or two sides of which will be made of wood or parts of a rock. Installation is carried out in such a way that the entrance looks in the direction opposite to the top. Along the perimeter of a makeshift tent, you need to dig holes to drain rainwater.
If you need to build a hut in a flat forest, you need to choose a place based on weather conditions. In cold, dry weather, you need to choose a place in the hole, and in rainy weather - on a hill. In order to build shelter, you will need an ax, a rope, a knife. If there is no rope, spruce roots will be an excellent substitute. Other tools are not so important, and usually nothing happens except yourself.Hut
Shelter type shelter is a canopy that protects from the wind and reflects heat from fire like a screen. A hut is being built between two trees. Between them, you need to fix the crossbar from the pole, to which the rafters are fixed at an angle of 45-60 degrees. On them parallel to the ground, several poles need to be fixed to form a kind of lattice, the frame of which needs to be covered with vegetation that protects from wind and rainfall. Coniferous spruce branches or branches with large leaves are well suited for this. Branches are attached to the crossbars, starting from the first lower level to the upper. Thus, water will flow down the wall without falling through the foliage. Several short logs are set on the ground, on top of which thin poles are laid. On top of them you can lay fir spruce branches, the "bed" is ready.Shed hut
Another variant of a pitched shelter is built near a broken tree. You need to find a tree so that the break is at a height of no more than two meters above the ground. The part of the trunk lying on the ground is covered with long branches as a roofing, the ground under the trunk is also laid with branches.
One of the options for a gable hut can be built if you add the second side of the pole, transverse crossbars covered with spruce branches or branches to the above-described single-hut shelter.Gable hut
The second gable type consists of a sequence of actions:
- You need to find two sturdy staves-slings, thin rods and a long pole as a support.
- Racks are installed in the ground about a third of their length.
- A horizontal pole is installed on the racks.
- Thin branches attached to the pole are fastened to the pole, acting as rafters.
- From above rafters are covered with branches with foliage, spruce branches, grass.
- Covering material is located from the bottom up to prevent the penetration of water inside.
- At the entrance to the hut you need to arrange your own fire.
A tent hut is built from young, thin, long poles, which are chopped off from excess branches and foliage, and are set with a cone. You can mount them both to each other and around the tree trunk. From above it is covered with grass, branches. If you make a tent hut a large size, you can place a fire inside it. To exit the smoke from above you need to leave the uncovered part. But at the same time, the bonfire should not be too large; when lighting, use only deciduous firewood so that there are no sparks.
The temporary shelter built in the recess is a cross between a dugout and a hut. To do this, find a small depression in the ground or dig it yourself. Thin branches with covering material (lapnik, grass, reeds, leaves) are mounted on top of the shelter, inside the structure, the ground surface must be covered with the same if there is no sleeping bag.
How to build a winter hut in the forestUkrty in the winter
In winter, you can also build a hut that protects against snow and wind. The main thing is that in winter you should have a warm sleeping bag with you. To build a winter hut, you need to find a suitable place on a hill, clear it of snow to make a small depression. Next, you need to prepare the necessary amount of coniferous spruce branches and poles. Lapnik needs to be cut down from the lower branches of trees. Poles can be used from old, dry trees; they do not have to be young trees. Part of the chopped coniferous spruce need to lay out the floor of the future structure so that there are no sticking branches. On two sides of the future hut poles are installed, additional supports are laid on top of the frame, at the places of load application the poles are connected with a rope. Then, on top of the frame, the spruce branches are laid in dense rows without gaps and crevices. On the sides of the hut you also need to cover it well with coniferous spruce branches, while at the same time covering the walls with bricks of snow, if it is dense. The entrance to the shelter can be covered with hanging hangers. Such a structure will be warm and spacious enough to spend the night.
Thus, without any improvised means, except for an ax, knife and rope, it is easy to build a temporary shelter for spending the night in the forest, as well as shelter from snow, rain, wind. Well, if there is any covering material with you - tarpaulin, polyethylene, dense fabric, then the task will be somewhat simplified. If not, spruce spruce branches, grass, broad and dense branches will be quite successful as a heat and moisture protective material. In winter, dense snow will also serve as a good heat-insulating material. You can watch more detailed step-by-step instructions on the video how to build a hut in the forest.