When hunting a fox, as well as a wolf or other animal, it is important to distinguish fox tracks, the trajectory of its movement, the passage length, and also its prints on the snow surface of various structures on snow. In addition, foxes are recorded using paw prints. The habitats of this animal are sparse forests, fields, river valleys. An inexperienced hunter will come to the rescue with a photo where traces of the fox in the snow are especially clearly visible.
Winter fox tracksWinter fox tracks
In fine dense snow you can clearly see the prints of the fox: the pads of the two front fingers are slightly extended forward, and the prints of the two extreme fingers are behind them, clutching them on the sides with claws. The prints of the forepaws differ from the hind legs in that the former have a concave crumb, and the latter are convex. The fox’s footprint is 6.5 cm long and 5 cm wide. The footprint of the tracks is a straight path with a step length of 30 to 40 cm.
By the prints of the fox paws one can determine the age of the animal. This is necessary in order not to uselessly chase the fox along the old trail and not set traps on trails where it will no longer pass. You can determine by touch whether the depression from the track in the snow is covered with a thin crust from wind and frost, or not. To be sure to navigate the time of the animal, experience is needed. You can find it if you put experiments, for example, walking a dog. Every day, one can compare the traces left by her for the current hour and after a day, their density, shape, so that later, while in the forest, they can accurately determine what time the beast passed along the path. If the track by touch is practically no different from the rest of the snow, the fox passed here recently, not more than two hours ago. If the track had already hardened and covered with a crust, the animal could go far enough. Another simple way to check the age of the track: you need to separate it with a thin branch. If the snow in the print is easily divided, it is fresh, and if not, then the print is at least 24 hours old. In addition, one can determine its age by eye: if the relief of the print is clear, then it is fresh, and if it has blurry borders and is whitish, then the print is already old.
From the prints of the fox, you can determine which way it went. / Wpmfc_cab_ss
With a careful study of the fingerprint, you can see that on one side of the wall the grooves are steeper, which means that the animal moved in this direction. This is explained by the fact that the animals raise their paw upward vertically, and it lowers, dragging a little along the snow, so the front part of the track recess is steeper and the back part is flat.
Fox tracks in the snow: how to find out behaviorFox tracks in the snow: how to find out behavior
By carefully considering the prints belonging to the fox, you can determine its behavior and the nature of the step. Normal jogging or trotting leaves an even line of tracks at the same distance from each other (30-40 centimeters), while the recesses are strict and symmetrical. If the fox is in search of prey, its path will consist of winding tracks, multiple approaches, pokes, doubles, etc. If the animal goes a long distance, or when the rutting season sets in, the nature of the track changes to a lynx with a doubler, while its regular, even chain doubles, turning into a series of parallel prints, in which one of them can capture the edge of the other. deep, friable snow, the fox goes to a gallop, the length of the steps is about two meters, leaving four prints of all paws, with one line of two back and front tracks scatter.
When chasing a prey, the animal can go by a quarry, or by a gallop with the prints of all four paws scattered with more pronounced at the hind legs, which the fox throws forward like a hare. In this case, it is very simple to determine whether the animal is sent.
The trail of a satiated fox, which went to bed, is characterized by a small distance between steps, straightforwardness, which makes it easy to track it down. It often happens that the path of the fox goes on a hare path. In this case, you must try to track the animal along the trail until it finds a way to the fox tracks.Fox tracks in the snow: photos
On dry and deep snow it can be difficult to understand the direction of the moving beast, since the ends of the paws are almost invisible. In such cases, one must rely on the fact that all animals moving at a trot or step have an imprint with dragging and dragging. They help to understand in which direction the fox is moving, since the drag remains after it draws a short line in the snow when it takes its paw out of the pit of the track to take the next step. When the animal lowers its paw in the snow, it leaves a hairline - a long line on it. A short line from the track helps to understand the direction of movement of the animal.
If the path in deep snow turns out to be such when the wand and dragging are mixed in a solid line, this makes it difficult to determine the direction of the animal. In this case, you need to look at other signs that help to understand the direction, for example, dashes on the snow surface may be left with twigs or blades of grass along the fox’s path. By the direction in which they were bent under the weight of the body of the animal, you can determine the direction of movement. This technique allows you to determine the direction of not only the fox, but also any other animal.
It is much easier to establish the direction of the fox in the downed snow, which is formed when it jumps over bumps or other obstacles. The prints lead in the direction in which the snowballs showered.
Differences from other animalsDifferences from other animals
To confuse fox prints with wolf prints is almost impossible, because they are too different in size. But they can be confused with the prints of a small dog. Compared to them, the fox’s footprint is more harmonious and symmetrical. To make sure that the dog walked through the snow or the fox, you can put a match across the track between the prints of the front pads and rear. If the footprint is canine, a visual straight line is not formed, since the prints of the back fingers will protrude beyond the edge of the front. You can draw a visual straight line between the pads of the two front and back fingers on the fox’s footprint. By the nature of the path left by the fox, you can immediately distinguish it from the dog: jumping differs up to four meters in length, there are sharp stops, throws in any direction at right angles . The dog does not have such ease and flexibility of movement.
Fox tracks in the snow: video
Watch the video: Track Identification: Wolf, Coyote, Fox (April 2020).