In winter, in a snowy forest, it is incredibly beautiful. True, many modern people know this only from pictures, photographs and films, but there are those who enjoy hiking in the winter, and not only for a few hours, but also for a night, or even a few days. Preparation for this type of tourism is a very important matter and it should include training on how to light a fire in winter. It is better, of course, to do this in practice, but it is also necessary to know the theory.
The right placeChoosing a place for a bonfire in winter
Stopping for a halt or spending the night in the winter forest, it is necessary not only to put up a tent, but also to light a fire. After a difficult and long transition, you may not feel the cold, but to remain in place in relative immobility, without a fire, will not only be uncomfortable, but also frosty. If you are walking along hiking trails, it is best to stay where there is an old bonfire. But if you are laying a new route, or the recent heavy snowfall has hidden all traces of a person being in the winter forest, you will have to prepare a place for a fire yourself.
Fire, neither in winter nor in summer, can be ignited near trees, especially conifers. The branches hanging over the bonfire can easily ignite, or the snow lying on them will melt, fall down and cover your bonfire. It is also better to put up tents 5 meters from the fire, in order to avoid sparks falling on them.
After the place is chosen, it should be cleared of snow, preferably to the ground. If this is not possible, then under the future fire you can put thick branches or a specially gripped metal mesh. It is not very large in size, easy to carry, and a bonfire with the help of this device can be qualitatively maintained even on a meter snowdrift.
How to make a fire in winterBonfire in winter
After a place is selected and prepared, the algorithm of actions is exactly the same as at any other time of the year. In order to build a fire, you need to collect dry firewood and kindling material. In this quality, birch bark, small dry twigs or paper trapped from the house are perfect. In the center, the kindling material is laid, and is ignited by matches or a lighter. As it accelerates, thicker branches are added. Fifteen minutes later, if everything is done correctly, a flame will dance cheerfully in the winter forest, warming and making the meadow more comfortable.
How to light a fire without matches
It is unlikely that you will go to the winter forest, specifically aiming to light a fire without matches. But it may happen that, by chance or for some other reason, you have to look for alternative sources of fire production. And there are several ways to achieve this:
- Chemical. This method is well known to experienced tourists and they always have in their backpack all the necessary components. To do this, you need a certain amount of potassium permanganate in a powder state and a few drops of glycerin. Manganese is poured onto the prepared place (1 gram is enough) and glycerin is dripped onto it. It is important to remove your hands in time, as the reaction is almost instantaneous, and immediately begin to lay material for kindling.
- Optic. To apply this method you need to stop at a halt in advance. After all, after sunset or in cloudy weather, this will become impossible, because it is the sun that will act here as the main components in order to ignite the fire. The sun's beam is focused using a lens, which can be used as glasses, glass and even a piece of transparent ice, and sent to a pre-prepared kindling material.
- Geological. To do this, you need a stone and a knife. When you hit the stone with a knife, you can get a spark, which will set fire to tinder.
- Mechanical. The one that people have used since they managed to understand what fire is, what benefits it can bring and how to plant it. True, a tourist tired of a long winter transition will find it difficult to spend quite a lot of energy in order to light a fire in this way, so it’s better to think a little and apply another, less physically expensive method.
With the question of how to make a fire in the winter in the forest, we figured it out. It's time to share some secrets.
Three secrets of courting a bonfire
To build and maintain a fire, at first glance, it’s not tricky. Throw dry branches on time, and it will burn for as long as necessary. All this is true, but there are several nuances:
- For kindling a fire it is better to use branches of conifers - they light up faster. But when the fire broke out it is better to switch to deciduous trees. They burn hotter and burn out more slowly.
- Not every time a flame is weakened, a new portion of firewood should be planted. Sometimes it’s enough just to move the coals and just blow it on them so that the bonfire gains strength.
- In some cases, the fire must be protected from strong gusts of wind or rain by installing improvised canopies. The second purpose of such facilities is drying clothes.
And if you still prepare a delicious, hearty and high-calorie dinner, then the dream will be sweet and calm.