The tops for the feeder are a bite signaling device. However, even experienced fishermen have difficulties with their selection and use. A considerable problem is the selection of a suitable diameter element for the rod. Therefore, it is important to know how to choose the tops or make them yourself.
The top is a removable complement to the rod. Its main purpose is a bite alarm. Such a detail is extremely important while using several fishing rods while fishing.
It is extremely difficult to break a high-quality vertex into a bend. However, it is easy to damage on a kink. During fishing, it experiences stress from the weight of the feeder, as well as the strength of the current. An overly soft structure may bend too much, and a stiff structure will stand straight all the time. In both cases, an incorrectly selected vertex during fishing will prevent you from catching the catch.
The main characteristics of the vertices
Despite the simplicity of the design, the tops have a large number of characteristics. The main ones are:
- Design sensitivity;
- Device stiffness;
- Vertex length;
- The diameter of the base.
Also, products are often classified according to the principle of their signaling:
- Swingtype. When biting, the structure begins to swing;
- Quivertype. The device trembles during biting;
- Sidetip, or "Side nod." The element is located at the handle of the fishing rod.
Often the rod is classified precisely by the principle of signaling the vertex installed on it.
All finished devices, according to the principle of their installation, are divided into screw-in devices, and those that need to be inserted.
Most often, when buying a rod, a set of 2-5 tops comes with it, differing from each other in the degree of sensitivity and rigidity. At well-known manufacturers, the sensitivity is necessarily indicated on each product in ounces (oz) and is determined by the test. At the same time, 1 English ounce corresponds to 28 g of weight subsequently applied to it.
Soft sensitive designs have a marking range of 0.5-0.7 oz. Products with medium sensitivity and rigidity are labeled in the range of 1.5-3 oz. The least sensitive and toughest peaks that are used for fishing in difficult weather conditions or when catching trophy specimens of fish are marked 4-6 oz.
Often, manufacturers indicate the stiffness of the signaling device, painting the tip of the top of the vertex in a certain color:
- The softest models are usually marked in green;
- Yellow or white indicates medium hardness;
- The toughest vertices are painted red.
The parameters of rigidity and sensitivity of products for feeder fishing are usually interrelated.
Not only rigidity and sensitivity, but also the strength of the product depends on this parameter of the signaling device. Too short or long devices do not respond to bite properly. In addition, they often break down during operation.
The landing diameter of the structure plays a very important role. It should clearly match the hole in the rod. Too large a diameter will not allow you to fix the tip in the fishing rod, and a small one will lead to unreliable fastening. The top will simply fall out. Of course, if desired, products that are not suitable for size can be adjusted to the desired diameter with improvised means. However, the strength of this design will be doubtful.
The diameter of the vertices can be from 1.8 to 4 mm. Very often this parameter depends on the class of the rod and its manufacturer. So fishing rods of the light and medium class are usually equipped with tops with a landing diameter of 2.3 mm. Long casting rods and structures that involve fishing in places with a strong current are equipped with devices with a landing diameter of 2.6-3.6 mm. Picker rods are equipped with products in 1.8-2.2 mm. But fishing rods of the Extra Heavy Feeder class most often have 4 mm tops.
Some manufacturers, such as Shimano, use tops with a 2.3 mm seat in almost all of their rods and make them separately, greatly facilitating the replacement of these products.
A significant role in the selection of the product is the material and the diameter of the access rings. The larger the rings, the easier it becomes to use the product. Large rings do not clog trash from the fishing line, and the ease and range of casting increases.
According to the material of the inner inserts, the rings are divided into:
- Products made of silicon carbide.
The advantage of rings with ceramic inserts in their cheapness. However, with frequent use, such items are quickly wiped off. At the same time, not only the insert, but the passage ring itself becomes unusable.
Rings with silicon carbide inserts can withstand the long and frequent use of even the toughest braids. However, the material is highly brittle, and if not handled carefully, the insert of the ring may crack.
Varieties of tops by material
The tops for feeder rods are made of two types of material:
- Carbon, or carbon fiber.
Tops from combined materials are also available. The core in them is made of fiberglass, wrapped 2/3 of the length of carbon fiber. However, such designs have the advantages of both materials. Fiberglass tip has a high sensitivity and responds to even the slightest bite. At the same time, carbon provides strength and rigidity of the product, allowing it to be operated in conditions of strong current and wind. However, such vertices are produced in extremely small quantities.
Most devices are made from this material. Products are lightweight and highly sensitive. With proper use of the feeder, such a tip will respond even to the slightest bite. At the same time, the signaling device is able to withstand various loads. All products from this material belong to the low and middle price segment.Fiberglass tops for feeder
A disadvantage of fiberglass construction is its excessive softness. The signaling device is not suitable for fishing in the wind and in water with a strong current. In addition, the material is subject to delamination and can be damaged under any load.
The material is lightweight and durable. After casting, the vertex does not fluctuate in different directions. The carbon construction has a high sensitivity to bite, and even with strong winds or currents, it responds to even slight touches of the fish to the bait.
The disadvantage of such signaling devices is their high price. In addition, rods related to the price segment above the average are usually equipped with such products.
Criterias of choice
In order to choose the right tip for the feeder rod, you should take a knee with you to the store, which includes an indicator when mounting. When trying on, it is important that the product fits tightly into the knee, and when swinging, as well as at rest, no play is observed.
In the case when it was not possible to select the product clearly in size, it is worthwhile to purchase an indicator with a diameter that is minimally different from the required one and modify it yourself. Too large a diameter can be reduced with fine-grained sandpaper. Missing millimeters build up by winding braids on the butt, which subsequently must be varnished.
Trying to do it yourself
In most cases, in the absence of a suitable tip for the feeder in diameter and stiffness, a signaling device of a smaller or larger diameter and sensitivity is acquired by fishers, and subsequently finalized with their own hands. However, you can build a bite signaling device from improvised means.
To create the main part of the structure, you can use plastic cocktail tubes with a corrugated bending knee or an anti-twist for the feeder. When using tubules, the holes overlap with foam.
Loops under the fishing line are installed at the ends of the tubes or anti-twist. Loops can be made from ordinary paper clips. A carabiner is mounted on the knee to install the load or feeder. If desired, it can be supplemented with a bell.
Nodding Type Product
The mounting of a ready-made signaling device of this type can be carried out both in front, on the rod stand, and on the side, next to the handle. For the manufacture of such nods, flexible wires are used. It can be either a piano string or a flexible steel strip from an antenna. On one side, 4 cm from the edge of the wire, bends at an angle of 900. On the other hand, the wire bends in the form of the letter Z. In addition, each bend should be about 1 cm.
Bent under 900 the side of the wire is applied to the rod between the first ring and the reel. You can fix a nod using tape or using a special rubber band for metal nods for winter fishing rods. Such elastic bands are equipped with 3 holes:
- For fixing to the rod;
- Under the nod;
- For fishing line.
It is better to place a home-made nod 10-15 cm from the coil. The z-shaped hook of the fixed nod, for ease of use, is painted in bright color. To use it after each casting, the fishing line needs to be pulled up and put into the Z-shaped hook.
The second option for a home-made nodding annunciator is to place a suitable flexible wire in the second elbow. In this case, the first segment must be removed. Fixing is carried out using tape or tape. A tulip is placed at the end of the wire. For ease of use, it can be marked with bright paint or fixed with red tape. Such a tip, if necessary, successfully replaces the factory version. However, a significant drawback is the inability to fold it.
General recommendations for use
The top is always matched to the fishing conditions and, most importantly, the net weight of the feeder. And the design of the feeder should correspond to the conditions of the reservoir and the weather.
In the case when fishing will occur in still water, it is recommended to install a soft signaling device. In windy weather on the lake, as well as for fishing on rivers with a weak current, it is better to use products of medium hardness. But rigid structures are useful in the process of fishing for large fish, as well as in places of strong currents and with significant winds.
A significant role in the process of operation is played by the estimated casting range. For fishing not involving long-range casting of the bait, you can use soft and medium hardness signaling devices. But for fishing over long distances, a rigid structure is needed.